Bonjour à tous,
Vous êtes cordialement invités à participer au sixième séminaire du LATECE de la session hiver 2017.
Qui? Mazdak Nik-Bakht. Dept. of BCEE, Concordia University
Quand? Mercredi 22 mars 2017 à 12h30
Titre : e-Society and Construction of Sustainable Urban Infrastructure
Evolution of the urban infrastructure from a technical/engineering artefact to a socio-technical system has created a new discourse for construction and management of such urban systems, which is increasingly involved in soft and subjective criteria. Sustainability, as a case-specific and context-sensitive issue is one of such criteria. Developing sustainable solutions for the built environment, in many cases, requires micro-knowledge which is distributed among the public and local communities. In smart cities, communication and digitized data layer built on top of the socio-technical infrastructure system provides a good opportunity for distilling such distributed knowledge. Informatics in its modern format and in the shadow of communication revolution through Social Web is on the one hand upgrading the e-society into a “k-society” (knowledge-enabled-society); and on the other hand promoting the citizens (external stakeholders) from the end-users of the service provided by urban infrastructure into “prosumers”.
We have employed lessons learned from open business models and user innovation literature to support such a discourse shift and manage the associated complexity. The aim has been harnessing, organizing, understanding and contextualizing relevant inputs from multitudes of external stakeholders, in a semi-automated manner; processing them to actionable information; and providing support for decision makers. The gain is mutual; on the one hand, urban democratization calls for involving the public in the process of decision making for the built environment, in a more active manner. On the other hand, the distributed knowledge of urban prosumers is required to make decisions resulting in a more efficient, sustainable and resilient infrastructure.
In this talk, I will present some of the attempts and findings in this regard. A total of 23 mega-projects (out of the 100 top strategic infrastructure projects) in Canada and the U.S.A. were selected and closely monitored over a period of two years. Data analytics have been cherry-picked, tailored, contextualized and applied to distill the sustainability-relevant knowledge from open data (available through multiple channels including online social media and social web), as well as to increase the accountability of the public involvement process for infrastructure mega-projects.
Mazdak Nik-Bakht earned his BSc. in Civil Engineering, as well as MSc. and first PhD in Structural Engineering from University of Science and Technology (IUST), Tehran, Iran. He received his second PhD in Construction Engineering & Management from University of Toronto in 2015. He joined the Department of Building, Civil & Environmental Engineering at Concordia University as an Assistant Professor in August 2016. Prior to joining Concordia University, he had served as a Post-Doctoral research associate at University of Toronto. Mazdak also has years of professional experience as a structural designer, manager of structural engineering division, and project manager in structural & infrastructure rehabilitation projects, and is a licensed PEng with Professional Engineers Ontario. His research is focused on management of information in design, construction and operation of the built environment and data analytics in decision making for construction and management of urban infrastructure for smart cities.